A to Z List of Most Common Diseases and Conditions

If your ears hurt, itch or discharge pus, take a trip to your GP for a proper diagnosis and treatment. Do not eat solid food if you have signs of dehydration (thirst, light-headedness, dark urine). Instead, drink about 2 cups of clear fluids per hour (if vomiting isn’t present), such as sports drinks and broth.

Seek medical attention from your gastroenterologist immediately when there are signs of dehydration such as dry skin and dry mouth. Coughs are usually a result of an upper or lower respiratory tract infection – like the flu, which is caused by that pesky rhinovirus – or by something else, like acid reflux, asthma or smoking. If a cough persists for more than 3 weeks, it’s worth taking a visit to your doctor to rule out anything serious. We use the latest interactive tools, graphics, live webinars and events, interviews, medical imagery, and more. If you exhibit signs of dehydration, including extreme thirst, dry mouth, dark urine, dizziness, and severe weakness, get medical conditions list help immediately. If you cannot replace lost fluids by sipping clear liquids, you may need intravenous fluids and hospitalization.

Arthritis – juvenile One child in every 1,000 in Australia is diagnosed with juvenile arthritis. It is one of the most common chronic conditions to affect children. As indicated above in the discussion of ADLs and IADLs, disability per se does not necessarily indicate the presence of a serious and complex medical condition. Most plans can use existing administrative data sets to identify patients with high absolute or relative expenses in any defined period. The data requirements are less than for the DCG or ACG approaches since diagnosis or procedure code information is not necessary to calculate costs. The Kaiser system was developed in the 1960s as part of a program of research on health care utilization in Kaiser’s Center for Health Research in Portland.

A chronic or long-term illness means having to adjust to the demands of the illness and the therapy used to treat the condition. There may be additional stresses since chronic illness might change the way you live, see yourself, and relate to others. The National Hospice Organization has disseminated a set of guidelines for the appropriateness of hospice care. These guidelines have been used to make decisions about the care of individual patients to judge their appropriateness for the hospice benefit in Medicare. The guidelines are based on combinations of diagnostic, functional, lab tests, and other criteria the underlying concept of which is the likelihood of death in a period of 6 months or less.

The RxList disease and condition listing contain explanations of many medical conditions and tests. Staying up to date with COVID-19 vaccines and following preventive measures for COVID-19 is important. This is especially important if you are older or have severe health conditions or more than one health condition, including those on this list. Learn more about how CDC develops COVID-19 vaccination recommendations. If you have a medical condition, learn more about Actions You Can Take. Information about a therapy, service, product or treatment does not in any way endorse or support such therapy, service, product or treatment and is not intended to replace advice from your doctor or other registered health professional.

Others linger over time and need intensive management, such as diabetes. Most chronic illnesses persist throughout a person’s life but are not always the cause of death, such as arthritis. The classification systems just described using annual expenses in one way or another to define homogeneous groups. The measure of cost or expense itself could be used to identify a group or groups of persons who are likely to have serious and complex medical conditions. For example, one could apply a screen to identify individuals in the top 5 or 10 percent of annual expenditures in a health plan. The Karnofsky scale is one of the oldest functional status measures in use today.

The NHO guidelines affect only those people with terminal illnesses, who make up only a small subset of those in the health plan population with serious and complex conditions. Even where the guidelines are used, they are not generally found in administrative databases because they do not produce a single score that can be entered and stored readily. Activities of daily living or instrumental activities of daily living involve the assessment of a patient’s ability to perform defined tasks (e.g., getting dressed, bathing, using a telephone) (Katz et al., 1963; Lawton and Brody, 1969). The items are somewhat more specific than those involved in some of the functional status scales described above, but the intent of scaling is similar—to classify or score individuals according to their level of function or independence. In determining eligibility for some disability benefits programs, ADL or IADL scores are expressed in terms such as “limited in two or more areas,” so that the issue is not the overall score but the number of areas of impairment. Some of the same advantages would be found here as with the ICD-9 codes.

The information and materials contained on this website are not intended to constitute a comprehensive guide concerning all aspects of the therapy, product or treatment described on the website. The State of Victoria and the Department of Health shall not bear any liability for reliance by any user on the materials contained on this website. Dealing with the stresses of chronic illness can be demanding and it puts extra pressure on you.

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